When pursuing a position with the federal government, it is a requirement to list citizenship and visa information on your resume. A federal resume differs significantly from and includes many more details than a corporate resume. The federal resume format will include your social security number, salaries for every job ever held, and the names and phone numbers of all former supervisors too. Point of interest: your social security number is required by law (Executive Order 9397) for application to any federal government job. Your citizenship and social security number will be listed at the top of page one of your federal resume.
Regardless of your right-to-work or citizenship status, you do not need to include it in a corporate / civilian resume. In fact, avoid listing anything in a resume that is not directly tied to the position to which you are applying. You would not include your knitting club membership on your banking industry resume - it is not relevant to the position. Neither is your gender, age, race, religious beliefs, height, weight, eye color, marital status, nationality, or citizenship. It may be against the law to discriminate based on any of these items, but don't be naive - it does happen. Don't include it.
If you are not an American citizen and require immigration support, you don't necessarily want to advertise that in your resume. Employers want the most return for investment they can eke out of their employees. Therefore costly immigration, visa, and relocation fees could be seriously dissuading no matter your skills and experience level. On the other hand, if you do have the right to work in the United States, it may benefit you to list this information. Any citizenship, visa status, or language skills will go at the very end of your resume.
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